MFIA Impedance Analyzer

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Zurich Instruments MFIA, impedance analyzer, precision lcr meter, 5 MHz

The Zurich Instruments MFIA is a digital impedance analyzer and precision LCR meter that sets the new standard for impedance measurements in the frequency range from 1 mHz to 5 MHz. The MFIA has a basic accuracy of 0.05% and operates over a measurement range spanning from 1 mΩ to 1 TΩ. It is also characterized by a high measurement repeatability and small temperature drift. Thanks to the LabOne® user interface, the MFIA offers a number of long-awaited innovations for impedance and LCR measurements without the need for new software installations.

EUR 12,600.00
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MFIA Key Features

  • 1 mHz to 5 MHz, 1 mΩ to 1 TΩ
  • 0.05% basic accuracy
  • Compensation Advisor and Confidence Indicator
  • LabOne Sweeper tool for frequency, bias voltage, and test signal amplitude response measurements
  • LabOne APIs for C, MATLAB®, LabVIEW®, and Python
  • Full MFLI Lock-in Amplifier functionality

MFIA Overview Video

MFIA Applications

  • Electrical engineering: sensors, supercapacitors, semiconductor characterization, DLTS, display technology, ultra-high resistors, high-Q dielectrics
  • Materials research: polymer dielectrics, ceramics and composites, solar materials, thin-film and nanostructure characterization
  • Bioimpedance: tissue impedance analysis, cell growth, food research


Are different hardware configurations available?
No, all MF Instrument Series are based on the same hardware. Variants are firmware- and software-based and can be implemented at a later time in the field.
Do I need a PC to run the instrument?
The MFIA features an embedded web server, and it can thus be connected to a local network where it can be accessed from any web browser by typing in the address "http://mf-dev3XXX" (replacing 3XXX with the serial number).
Does the MFIA achieve 0.05% accuracy over the entire frequency and measurement ranges?
No. Please see the reactance chart below for a detailed specification of accuracy over the entire frequency and measurement ranges.
How many demodulators are inside the MFIA?
The basic MFIA has 2 fully configurable demodulators. The MF-MD option extends that to a total of 4 demodulators.
How does the MFIA Impedance Analyzer relate to the MFLI Lock-in Amplifier?
The MFIA Impedance Analyzer and the MFLI Lock-in Amplifier with the MF-IA option installed are technically the same instrument. The only differences are found in the front panel and in the organization of the user interface (e.g., the ordering of the application icons).
How can I connect the MFIA to my setup?
Every MFIA is shipped with the MFITF Impedance Test Fixture and 12 carriers. For customers with existing setups and test fixtures, note that the main connector spacing (22 mm) is fully compatible with most of the accessories from other vendors.

More Q & A

MFIA Options

MF-MD Multi-Demodulator

The MF-MD Multi-Demodulator option broadens the capabilities of the MFLI and the MFIA by increasing the number of demodulators to 4 and the number of oscillators to 4. It also provides an additional external reference PLL (for a total of 2), and enables simultaneous DC offset and AC signal measurement.

EUR 4,100.00

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MF-DIG Digitizer

Combining the MFLI Lock-in Amplifier or the MFIA Impedance Analyzer with a digitizer opens up a wide range of measurement opportunities thanks to continuous streaming, cross-domain triggering, and a segmented memory. The 2 Scope channels can simultaneously display signals from the differential voltage input and from the current input.

EUR 1,350.00

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MFIA Accessories

MFITF Impedance Test Fixture

For optimal impedance measurements, we recommend the MFITF Impedance Test Fixture. The MFITF and the carriers are designed to minimize parasitics and damping. However, the MFIA is fully compatible with other commercially available test fixtures with a 22-mm BNC spacing; other impedance setups can also be connected to the front panel. Auxiliary outputs and inputs provide additional control signals from and to the device under test (DUT) or analog feedback with other instrumentation.

EUR 800.00

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MFIA Variants

500 kHz MFIA Impedance Analyzer

The 500 kHz MFIA Impedance Analyzer operates at frequencies between 1 mHz and 500 kHz. The instrument can be upgraded to cover the range up to 5 MHz with the MF-F5M Frequency Extension option.

EUR 9,900.00

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MFIA Hardware Features

Front panel interface

The front panel of the MFIA features 1 current signal input, 1 differential voltage input, 1 differential signal output, 2 auxiliary inputs that can work as reference inputs, and 4 auxiliary outputs. Both signal inputs and outputs can be operated in single-ended and differential mode for experiments that require extra noise immunity. The signal ground can be referenced to the instrument ground or to the BNC shield of the signal inputs.

Back panel interface

The back panel offers additional BNC connectors comprising 2 trigger inputs, 2 trigger outputs, and 1 input and 1 output for 10 MHz clock synchronization. Moreover, a SCSI connector offers access to all DIO channels. The units can be operated with standard 90 - 240 V mains supply or by an external 12 V DC power supply (e.g., an external battery pack) to break up ground loops.

High repeatability and fast start-up

Temperature changes of the instrument can severely limit start-up speed and measurement repeatability. The MFIA performs exceptionally well in both aspects, as shown by the start-up drift graph above and by the reactance chart at the bottom of the page. You can start the first measurements after 25 s from turning on the instrument.

Voltage and current measurements

Voltage measurements and current measurements are both supported by the MFIA. The analog front end features variable input impedance as well as AC/DC coupling selection, and the high-frequency analog to digital sampling provides a large oversampling factor. This ensures superior lock-in performance and high signal fidelity for the Scope.

LabOne Impedance Toolset

The MFIA comes with the LabOne instrument control software and runs an embedded data and web server that provide the graphical user interface to any web browser. Adding the MFIA by Ethernet into your local network or connect directly by USB, type the instrument address into your web browser, and you have access to the LabOne tool set. Data from each LabOne tool can be stored as vector graphics or as plain data files with a single click. Basic cursor and statistical functions are available for initial data analysis in the time or frequency domain. For further analysis with other software, ZView®, MATLAB, and customized CSV export file formats are all supported.

Parametric Sweeper

The Sweeper enables measurement automation by scanning instrument parameters over a defined range with a freely adjustable number of scan steps, linearly or logarithmically. It is also possible to automatically record the frequency dependence as well as the variation of bias voltages or test signal amplitudes. A variety of application modes enable the identification of the optimal settings to obtain the most accurate results in a minimum time without tedious manual tweaking.

The example above shows a frequency sweep from 100 Hz to 5 MHz of a 1-GΩ resistor in a dual-plot representation. The top plot illustrates the absolute value of the impedance |Z| and the resistance Rp. The bottom plot shows how the stray capacitance Cp remains constant at about 30 fF over the entire scan range. A free choice of additional parameters can be visualized at the same time.


The Numerical tool displays all measurement values and model parameters in a user-configurable format. Each impedance unit features simultaneous views of the impedance value, the underlying current, the voltage measurements, and the model-derived parameters (L,C,R, etc.).

Plotter and SW Trigger

The Plotter and Software Trigger are tools for the analysis of measurement data and model parameters in the time domain. The Plotter can display multiple data streams continuously. For a window length of 10 s, the time resolution goes down to 10 μs. The Software Trigger captures and displays individual shots based on different internal and external trigger conditions.

The LabOne Plotter displays impedance data continuously. The above plot shows data from a 100-mΩ resistor over 20 minutes. The histogram indicates a standard deviation as small as 6 µΩ.

Confidence Indicator

All measurement data pass a confidence estimation before appearing in the LabOne tools. Whenever the measurement is compromised by suppression, gain error, or compensation error a warning flag is raised to signify that the data might be inaccurate. Depending on the type of warning, suggestions are provided to improve the measurement result.

Compensation Advisor

In order to achieve a high measurement accuracy, parasitic effects caused by the test fixture or cabling between the instrument and the DUT need to be compensated. The LabOne Compensation Advisor provides step-by-step guidance and an efficient workflow to achieve maximum measurement performance. In addition to Short-Open (SO) and Short-Open-Load (SOL) compensation, a variety of alternative compensation schemes are offered. Each compensation step is validated and feedback is provided before data are taken to correct for measurement errors.

Multi-Device Synchronization (MDS)

With MDS you can operate multiple MFIAs as a single multi-channel device:
  • Operate all instruments from a single LabOne user interface and LabOne API.
  • Lock in phase all instrument clocks and oscillators (stable phase relationship).
  • Synchronize time stamps and sampling rates for automatic alignment of measurement data.

MFIA and MF-IA Impedance Specifications

Accuracy and measurement ranges

The reactance chart presented below indicates the instrument accuracy for given frequency and impedance values. In the wide core area indicated in white, a 0.05% accuracy is specified between 1 mHz and 500 kHz, and 1 Ω and 1 MΩ (with limitations towards higher frequencies). The measurement range extends further with reduced specified accuracy of 0.1% and 1% to cover a measurement range from 10 mΩ to 1 GΩ. Even outside of this range, repeatable measurements are possible but accuracy might drop below 1%.

Measuring high impedances at low frequencies can be particularly challenging when values have to be obtained close to the line frequency. Adequate sample shielding along with a sinc filter and the possibility for battery operation will provide the most accurate results.

Dimensions 28.3 x 23.2 x 10.2 cm; 11.1 x 9.2 x 4 inch
Weight 3.8 kg; 8.4 lbs
Power supply AC: 100 to 240 V; DC: 12 V, 2 A
Interface USB 2.0, LAN 1GbE
Basic specifications
Frequency range 1 mHz to 5 MHz
Frequency resolution 1 µHz
Basic accuracy 0.05%
Basic temp. stability 200 ppm/K
Test signal level 0 V to 2.1 Vrms; incl. monitoring
Demodulator bandwidth 276 µHz to 206 kHz
DC bias signal level 2T: ±10 V, 4T: ±3 V
Compensation SO, SOL, LLL, SL, L, OL
Measurement parameters, range and typ. accuracy
Impedance Z 1 mΩ to 1 TΩ, 0.05%
Admittance Y 1 pS to 1 kS, 0.05%
Voltage V 0 V to 3 V, 1%
Current I 0 mA to 10 mA, 2%
Phases ΘZ, ΘY, ΘV, ΘI ±180 deg, 10 µdeg res.
Resistance RS, RP1 1 mΩ to 1 TΩ, max(10 µOhm, 0.05%)
Capacitance CS, CP1 10 fF to 1 F, max(10 fF, 0.05%)
Inductance LS, LP1 100 nH to 1 H, max(10 nH, 0.05%)
DC Resistance RDC 1 mΩ to 10 GΩ, 2%
Reactance X 1 mΩ to 1 TΩ, 0.05%
Conductance G, Susceptance B 1 nS to 1 kS, max(100 nS, 0.05%)
Loss coefficient D 10-4 to 10'000
Q factor 10-4 to 10'000
LabOne Sweeper
Sweep parameters Frequency, test signal amplitude, bias voltage, etc.
Sweep points 2 to 100'000
Sweep resolution Arbitrary, defined by start value, stop value, number of sweep points
Display parameters ZX, ZY, Z, ZΘ, VX, VY, VR, VΘ, IX, IY, IR, IΘ, model parameter 1/2, frequency, auxiliary input
Display options Single plot, dual plot (e.g., Bode plot), multi-trace
Application modes Impedance, frequency response analyzer, 3-omega, etc.
Sweep modes Sequential, binary, bidirectional, reverse
Sweep step modes Linear, logarithmic
Sweep speed 20 ms/pt for f > 10 kHz
Additional tools and features
LabOne toolset Numerical, FFT Spectrum Analyzer, Plotter, SW Trigger, Scope
Modes 2-terminal, 4-terminal
Confidence Indicator Suppression, compensation, overflow, underflow
Input range control Auto, impedance, manual
Test signal amplitude Auto, manual
Bandwidth control Auto, manual
Replacement circuit models Rp||Cp, Rs+Cs, Rs+Ls, G-B, D-Cs, Q-Cs, D-Ls, Q-Ls
DCR measurements Yes
Test fixture compatibility Yes
1 Accuracy valid if parameter is the dominant value of the circuit representation.


For additional details, please see:

MFLI and MFIA Specification

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